What are the options for the treatment of sciatica and what are the symptoms of sciatica

Have you ever felt chronic pain in the lower tip and tell you that you have sciatica, what is this disease and what are its causes and what are the symptoms of sciatica how can I treat sciatica

Sciatica is pain in the lower extremity resulting from irritation of the sciatic nerve, the sciatic nerve largest nerve in the body where it arises from the spinal nerves of the lower extremities and the lumbar and sacral spine can be from the hip to the bottom of the foot.

Causes of sciatica

There are several reasons behind the infection sciatica it is for these reasons:

  • Herniated disc, which is the most common, where the sliding disk between the lumbar vertebrae of the spine and presses on the sciatic nerve.
  • Spinal stenosis where the nerves pass.
  • Sliding spondylitis, where great and small their place in the spinal column and moving towards the sciatic nerve compression on it and causing symptoms.
  • Back injury.
  • Tumors in the spine or the spinal cord or around them.
  • Muscle spasm in the lumbar region.
  • And the incidence of sciatica in pregnant women.

Risk factors for injury, sciatica

May lead some of the factors to increase the risk of sciatica, include these factors:

  • With age, increasing the likelihood of damage to the nerves and surrounding tissues.
  • Work in tasks that involve lifting heavy objects or sit for long periods.
  • Diabetes can increase the risk of nerve damage.
  • Smoking.

The symptoms of sciatica

Mostly show the symptoms of sciatica a form of pain is the lower back extension to the feet, and these symptoms:

  • Lower back pain.
  • Pain in the ass or leg worsen when you sit, and makes it difficult for the patient to stand also.
  • Pain in the hip.
  • Tingling feeling down the leg.
  • Weakness, numbness or difficulty moving the leg or foot
  • Incontinence is the inability to control bladder or bowel, this is one of the symptoms of a rare syndrome cauda equina (CES), and this requires the intervention of a therapeutic emergency.

Affects sciatica usually on only one side of the lower part of the body. Often, absorbs pain from the lower back to the back of the thigh and calf, and may also extend to the foot, depending on where the source of the sciatic nerve.

For some people, pain may be caused by the sciatica is severe and makes it difficult for them to actively do their daily routine. For others, it may not last long, but it bothers them and may worsen with time.

The diagnosis of the disease

Is the diagnosis of sciatica usually using medical history and clinical examination, as the symptoms and signs examinations performed by doctors to help diagnose the disease properly. Sometimes, the use of some tests such as:

  • X-ray conditions.
  • And computed tomography of the spine
  • Scan magnetic resonance imaging.

The treatment of sciatica

Considered a sign of sciatica the underlying cause and severity of the pain, most patients who suffer from sciatica are in within a few weeks with at-home treatments.

If the pain is mild and did not prevent you from doing the things you love everyday, you will recommend to your doctor first to experience some options which are used in the treatment of sciatica including:

  • Natural treatment

  1. Where it says physical therapist proposal exercises help in improving your situation by easing pressure on the sciatic nerve.
  2. Exercise continuously and periodically.
  3. Not to prolong the comfort, or stay in bed for more than three days where they increase the severity of symptoms.
  4. Hot and cold compresses: put her for a few minutes on the lower back several times a day alternating, two days hot and two days bad like.
  • Drug therapy

Think pain analgesics are the first choice of especially those that do not need a prescription such as acetaminophen and aspirin Playboy naproxen, but should not use for prolonged periods without consulting your doctor.

If you don’t find these balms work, it describes the nature of some other medicines such as:

  1. Relaxants to the muscles.
  2. Tricyclic antidepressants.
  3. Steroid injections directly into the nerve irritated it can also provides you the convenience of limited.
  • Surgical treatment

Is the committee for surgical treatment in case of failure of the previous actions in the control of symptoms, and depends surgery mainly to remove part of a herniated disk of the compressor on the nerve.

Sources

  • WebMD () what’s the Treatment for Sciatica?, Available at: https://www.webmd.com/back-pain/treatment-for-sciatica#1 (Accessed: 29 Oct. 2019).
  • William C. Shiel () Sciatica Nerve Pain, Available at: https://www.medicinenet.com/sciatica/article.htm (Accessed: 29 Oct. 2019).
  • NHS (2017) Sciatica, Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/sciatica/ (Accessed: 29 Oct. 2019).
  • William Morrison (2019) Everything You Need to Know About Sciatica, Available at: https://www.healthline.com/health/sciatica#treatment (Accessed: 29 Oct. 2019).

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