All about iron deficiency in children
The most important nutrients needed by the brain development and body growth, the body lean and the activity flowing and other symptoms of iron deficiency in children can face your child
Is your child suffering from disturbances and loss in appetite? Are you gaining weight hard? What about eating things inedible for? Do you catch infections easily? It’s of the main symptoms of iron deficiency in children has your child already with her, so here everything related to iron deficiency causes and symptoms down to treatment.
If iron is considered the most important nutrient that the body needs badly for children to understand the need for the development of their brains and their growth naturally in order to build a healthy body, and therefore can be children who do not get enough iron can suffer from slow growth and a physical low and weak and other problems.
Iron deficiency in children
Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, the hemoglobin of the blood is a protein that works to carry oxygen from the lungs to all the cells of the body, the body needs iron so that you can make the hemoglobin, and thus when the body does not get what it needs from the Iron moving blood cells to the cells of dimmed weak and small and not be able to transfer a sufficient quantity of oxygen to organs and tissues and muscles and this is what is called anemia.
If iron deficiency is one of the most common problems when children that can affect them on many levels-the beginning of iron deficiency light which requires to severe anemia, so if your child’s diet lacks iron.
Children are born with a good supply of iron in their body (babies born at full term to mothers who are healthy receive iron during the last three months of their lives embryonic) but despite that they need for a certain amount of iron is obtained from food or supplements (after consulting a doctor) in order to ensure the growth and development of the healthy body of your child.
But it is important not to rely on supplements only under the prescription, with the importance of keeping the packaging complement the iron away from the hands of children, because overdose of can be fatal especially for little kids and babies.
Although the upper limit of the allowable per day of iron for children is 20 mg, but most types of supplements contain 100 mg in the disk fact, in case you suspect that your child eat as much plus iron call directly to the emergency or immediately went to the nearest hospital or doctor.
The amount of iron that a child needs in a day
Based on the age group that your child belongs can determine the needs of iron per day, according to the following:
- From the age of 7 months up to 12 months need 11 milligrams of iron a day.
- From the age of 3 years need 7 mg of iron per day.
- From the age of 4 years up to 8 years need 10 mg of iron daily.
- From the age of 9 years up to 13 years need 8 milligrams of iron daily.
- From the age of 14 years till 18 years girls need 15 milligrams of iron daily.
- From the age of 14 years up to 18 years boys need 11 milligrams of iron a day.
Causes of iron deficiency in children
Can distinguish 3 reasons behind iron deficiency in children is as follows:
- Low iron stores when the child either as a result of the suffering of the mother during pregnancy from anemia or malnutrition or iron deficiency, or as a result of the birth of a premature baby.
- Child malnutrition and lack of access to sufficient iron from natural sources depending on the required daily requirements.
- Digestive problems (intestinal microflora) which live and dip in the body’s ability to absorb iron from the food you eat.
Can the involvement of more than one reason in the case of iron deficiency in children
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Who are the people most vulnerable to iron?
Everyone, not only children’s knowledge of iron deficiency and in the case of diets that are ingested does not meet the needs required, which the body needs, and in general there are factors that increase the risk, raising the possibility of shortages, namely:
- Infants born to mothers suffering from anemia or other health problems and do not have sufficient iron.
- Premature babies born early in pregnancy (since the fetus obtains iron from the mother during the last trimester of pregnancy and therefore wasn’t there long enough for them to get on the Iron.
- Children at the age of 4 months up to 6 months because the level of iron the store have to be low and the consumption for the process of growth and development.
- Children up to the age of 6 months and who are relying on Mother’s milk only to feed them sometimes not contain sufficient iron.
- Children who drink cow’s milk at age 12 months, although it contains a small amount of iron that the body does not absorb it.
- The older children and that if their diets are inadequate or non-integrated and does not contain sufficient iron.
- Having digestive problems the most important of which poor absorption of iron which is considered the most common after recorded surgery in the gastrointestinal tract, because most of the amount of iron obtained by the body are absorbed from the small intestine, and any defect in the intestine or the change will lead to a change in the absorption of iron.
- Blood loss due to injury or as a result of internal bleeding or bleeding peptic or during periods of life all this can lead to anemia.
Symptoms of iron deficiency in children
There are many complications and symptoms of iron deficiency in children lack of the body to the cemetery which contains them leads to disruption and disruption on a large scale on the intellectual level and behavioral growth of the body and its functions, the most important of these symptoms:
- Anemia resulting from iron deficiency and low hemoglobin so that the blood able to carry oxygen to the cells of the body.
- Delays and reviews social, behavioural and intellectual, to appear in the lower social intelligence decline in memory functions include attention, reduced concentration.
- A decrease in the ability of the immune system and this makes the child more susceptible to disease and the exposure.
- The low weight of the baby.
- Can sometimes suffer from a marked increase in weight in addition to the decline in physical activity and the level of freedom he has.
- A constant feeling of fatigue and exhaustion , inability to perform simple or play with the children.
- Dull skin tired.
- The decline in the habits of the baby food.
- Nervousness, anger, clear and fast (the baby nervous).
- The decline in the rate of growth of the child.
- The suffering of the child from numbness in the limbs.
- Help baby’s hair and slipped in his nature.
- Cooler parties.
- Trembling of the child’s shivering.
- Disorders of the respiratory system \ the rapid development of non-natural.
- The desire of the child to extreme intake of non-edible, most importantly: dirt – paint the walls – snow – starch.
The diagnosis of iron deficiency in children
The diagnosis of iron deficiency in general and in particular iron deficiency in children can be a challenge, because there is no standard lab one certified accurately distinguish the amount of iron in the child, so the diagnosis is made as follows:
- Assessment of the risks suffered by the child, and the mode of feeding and age of the child at birth and weight and other information that increase the likelihood of having a deficiency in iron it has.
- Review of the food habits of older children and ensure food diversity in their diet, especially in school, and if you are relying on a vegetarian diet or a diet does not include meat.
- Tests of three iron in the body (iron Hemo – iron stores – iron transport) in case of any defect in 2 of the three criteria are diagnostic of the existence of an iron deficiency.
- Tests for anemia and other assessment and evaluation CBC and hemoglobin level and its focus.
- The symptoms suffered by the child and rule out other diseases can have similar symptoms.
The tests of anemia you think of the tests, the usual which are made regularly to the children because they are more susceptible to it.
Treatment of iron deficiency in children
Can determine the cause of the iron deficiency and deal with it that is treated and compensated, and in general can distinguish between the following treatments: medical treatments – treatments food.
It is the signs that are under the supervision of a specialist include:
Blood transfusion however rarely cases blood transfusion is the treatment adopted, but will be required for children who will be undergoing surgery or in the case of a disorder of the heart and arteries, it generally is dealing with a shortage of iron supplements depending on the diet treatment natural.
As for the supplements, it is capsules or tablets containing a certain amount of iron it is necessary to take it under the supervision of a medical because overdose may be no sign of poisoning and death, and the great allowed per day is 20 milligrams of iron.
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Food remedies – the adoption of iron-rich foods
There are two types of iron in food: the first is heme iron located in animal products from the red meat, fish and poultry, the second type is the non-heme iron found in vegetable products the most important legumes, nuts, vegetables and fruit.
Is the absorption of heme iron by the body better and more efficient compared with Type II iron and non-heme. So in case your child is not breathing animal products, it needs to strengthen the addresses of the non-heme iron.
The vitamin C helps the body absorb iron from food so make sure you include sources of vitamin C within the meals the most important of those sources: broccoli – green peppers-red – cabbage – oranges – grapefruit – strawberries – cantaloupe – potato – peas – tomatoes.
The most important sources of heme iron (must take into account the child’s age and choose the foods that fit him): beef – liver – clams – sardines – egg yolk – chicken – turkey – tuna – salmon.
The most important sources of iron from plant products: tofu – soy – beans – lentils – corn – raisins – wheat – oatmeal – spinach – parsley – noodles – pasta-fortified – pea – sesame seeds – tomatoes – broccoli – whole grain – peach – almonds – walnuts – cashews – apricots – figs – dates.
Note: raisins and nuts (can pose a choking hazard to children under the age of 4 years), so it is necessary to monitor the baby during eating.
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The problem may seem like a large may be the symptoms of iron deficiency in children annoying and disturbing, but here lies your role in the discovery of this inscription and compensation as soon as you can.