Vitamins and minerals of necessary elements for good health and it leads to the occurrence of health problems, in this article, we will explore vitamins and minerals, damage the lack of it on the health of the body and the causes that lead to lack of it.
What are the vitamins and minerals and why your body needs it?
Are vitamins, minerals and nutrients that your body needs in quantities balanced so it works properly and keeps it healthy, as it works vitamins and minerals that are transmitted by the blood to different body parts on:
- Strengthen bones
- Wound healing
- Strengthen the immune system
- The conversion of food into energy
The causes of lack of vitamins and minerals
One of the main reasons for metal is the lack of access body enough of the essential minerals through food or supplements, can occur due to:
- A poor diet dependent on fast food.
- Not contain diet on fruits and vegetables.
Said vitamins and minerals and damage the lack of it is often talked about for people vegans, if they don’t get a balanced ratio of vitamins and minerals in their diet.
Read also: vegetarianism is better for your health or to lose your body meat?
One of the reasons is also difficult to digest food and absorb nutrients, and causes difficulty in the body’s absorption of vitamins and minerals:
- Diseases of the liver, gall bladder and intestines.
- Diseases of the pancreas or the kidney.
- Surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Medications such as antacids, antibiotics.
Vitamins and minerals, damage the lack of it
Calcium is essential to maintain healthy teeth and bones, calcium deficiency long-term can lead to lack of minerals in the bone occurs what is called osteoporosis, this increases the risk of fractures in bones, especially in adults and the elderly.
Usually what happens to calcium deficiency acute due to health problems or medical treatments, such as diuretic drugs or surgeries in the stomach or kidney failure, including symptoms of calcium deficiency, acute the following:
- Muscle spasm
- Tingling in the fingers
- Poor appetite
Read Also: facts about the importance of calcium for women and how to get it
More than half of the blood cells in the body contain the element iron is an important component of hemoglobin, where it is a protein that carries oxygen to different body parts, the best sources of iron are meat, poultry, fish, and plant foods beans and lentils are good sources of iron.
Think iron deficiency is very common especially among women, children and vegetarians, as it may cause damage to the following:
- Anemia (anemia)
- Stress and fatigue
- A weakened immune system
- Impaired brain function.
Read also: the best food rich in iron
Vitamins and minerals, damage of deficiency on the thyroid gland
Iodine is a mineral essential to the assessment of thyroid function and natural production of the hormone ones, where the work of the thyroid gland on the:
- Keep the bone.
- Maintain body temperature
- Regulate the metabolic rate and burn calories
The most common symptoms of iodine deficiency are goiter, and may cause iodine deficiency also in:
- Increased heart rate
- Shortness of breath
Read also: thyroid and everything about them
Vitamin D deficiency
Is the production of vitamin D in the skin when sun exposure, it is likely to be people who do not learn the people are suffering from vitamin D deficiency if they don’t get it from food or supplements vitamin D.
Vitamin D deficiency has no obvious symptoms, and may evolve over time throughout the years, some people who suffer from a lack of vitamin D may suffer from symptoms such as:
- Muscle weakness
- Pain in the bones
- Hair loss
- The lower areas of the body
- Increased risk of cancer.
Dear reader and that you know with us the vitamins and minerals and damage the lack of it we recommend you follow an integrated diet contains nutrients in balanced proportions, and if you have any queries you can consult our doctors here.