Types of diabetes

أنواع السكري

أنواع السكري

Of course I’ve heard, dear reader, about diabetes or diabetes, and during our next we’ll party together on the types of diabetes , and what distinguishes each type from the other, as we will also talk about treatment methods for each type of them.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease where your body produce insulin, or cannot use the insulin it produces properly, when you eat carbohydrates, turning your body into sugar called glucose, and sends it into the bloodstream, and the pancreas to secrete insulin, a hormone that helps move glucose from your blood to your cells, and uses it to obtain energy.

When you have diabetes and do not receive remedy, your body doesn’t use insulin as it should, it seems a lot of glucose in your blood, a condition commonly called high blood sugar, as this can cause health problems may be serious or life-threatening you.

There is no cure for diabetes, but with the change of the treatment and lifestyle you can live a long and healthy life, you must know that diabetes comes in different forms and types, depending on the cause that led to the appearance of his body, including We the type of disease and type of treatment required for each case.

What are the types of diabetes?

There are three main types of diabetes; Type II diabetes is the most common diagnosis, followed by diabetes mellitus of the first type, as it happens gestational diabetes during pregnancy, usually temporarily.

In addition, prediabetes is a diagnosis another important refers to the rising risk of diabetes.

The first type of diabetes

Called Type I diabetes too (insulin dependent diabetes), it was called diabetes, which affects children, because it often starts in childhood.

Is considered equal in the diabetes of the first type is autoimmune; then it happens when the body attacks your pancreas antibodies which cause damage to the pancreas, so can’t the pancreas that secreted insulin, this may also happen because of problems in the cells of the pancreas that make insulin.

And many of the health problems that can accompany the first type due to damage to small blood vessels in your eyes (called diabetic retinopathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy), and kidneys (diabetic nephropathy).

People living with type First They also have a higher risk of heart disease andstroke. Can cure Type I diabetes by injection of insulin in the fat tissue below your skin.

The second type of diabetes

Type II diabetes one of the most famous types of diabetes, and was called (diabetes non-insulin-dependent) or adult-onset, but it is becoming more common among children and adolescents over the past twenty years, due largely to the fact that there are more young people who suffer from overweight or obesity.

About 90% of people with diabetes have the second type, when you have Type II diabetes, usually the pancreas produces some insulin, but this is not enough or not used by your body as it should.

There are so-called resistance to insulin; it is not responsive your cells are to insulin, this typically occurs in the cells of fat, liver, muscle, and often have diabetes of the second type is less damaging than the first type, but it is still possible to cause major health complications, especially in the small blood vessels in the kidneys, nerves and eyes, and increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Treatment of Type II diabetes depends on maintaining a healthy weight, eating properly, exercise, and some people need medications also.

Types of diabetes in women (gestational diabetes)

Gestational diabetes is a temporary form of diabetes occurs during pregnancy, between (3-20 %) of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes, depending on the risk factors have and may increase the diagnosis of gestational diabetes risk of diabetes later both the mother and the baby, so you should follow up with the doctor.

After that you dear reader on the most popular types of diabetes the causes of all of them, if you have a query you can consult one of our doctors here.

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