Also known as tomato paste or tomato paste. Tomato paste is widely used, especially in Italian cooking dishes, because it is a rich source of many nutrients, as it is characterized by a concentrated tomato flavor, and does not contain fat.
The nutritional value of tomato paste
A tablespoon of tomato paste contains many minerals and vitamins such as:
- Vitamin A: Tomato paste contains 244 international units (IU) of vitamin A , which helps maintain healthy eyesight and fetus development.
- Antioxidants: Contains (3.5 mg) of antioxidants, which play an important role in boosting the immune system and repairing tissues.
- Iron: Contains (0.5 mg) of iron, which enhances red blood cell function.
- Potassium: Contains (162 mg) of potassium , which helps the body to regulate fluids and store minerals.
- Calories in tomato paste: 13 calories only
Benefits of tomato paste
1. Cancer prevention
Tomato paste is a natural source of lycopene (a chemical compound that gives tomatoes their red color), and it is characterized by its antioxidant properties, which help eliminate free radicals and associated with disease. Thus, prevention of many diseases such as cancer. One study found that taking lycopene helped reduce the risk of prostate , lung, ovarian, and stomach cancer.
2. Promote healthy skin
Eating tomato paste may help protect the face from redness caused by exposure to the sun's UV rays. One study in 2001 found that consuming (40 g) of tomato paste plus 10 gm of olive oil for 10 weeks helped reduce sunburn by 40%.
3. Promote heart health
Lycopene compounds help reduce levels of harmful cholesterol , and they also help maintain the inner layer of blood vessels, and reduce the chances of developing blood clots.
4. Improve the digestive process
The dietary fiber and fluids contained in tomatoes improve digestion and prevent constipation . On the other hand, the acidity resulting from cooked tomatoes may lead to some people suffering from acid reflux and thus indigestion.
5. Maintain eye health
Tomato paste contains lycopene, lutein , and beta-carotene , which help support vision and protect against eye diseases such as macular degeneration.
How to make tomato paste
Homemade tomato paste is more flavorful than ready-made cans. So, we will review how to prepare tomato paste at home in simple steps.
- 5 kilo tomatoes
- 2 tablespoons of olive oil
- 2 tablespoons kosher or sea salt
- 2 tablespoons of bottled lemon juice or half a teaspoon of citric acid (optional)
How to prepare:
- The oven is heated between 160 ° C and 180 ° C
- Wash the tomatoes and cut into four
- Put olive oil in a large bowl over a medium heat
- Add the tomatoes to the bowl until they are tender and the skin begins to separate from the tomato flesh
- Place the warm tomatoes in a tomato colander to separate the tomato pulp from the seeds and skin.
- Discard the seeds and peel, then add lemon juice or citric acid, and salt.
- Place tomato pulp on baking tray between two large baking sheets.
- Place the tomato pulp in the preheated oven for about 3 hours, until it turns into a paste.
- Check the tomatoes and stir them every half hour, changing the position of the griddle until it reduces evenly.
- Over time, the paste will begin to shrink, until it halves, making sure that there is no water left in the paste.
- Now tomato paste is packed in jars, leaving a space of inch in each jar.
Damage to tomato paste
Eating tomatoes and tomato paste is generally safe, but excessive intake of tomatoes may have some health damages, such as:
1. Reflux of stomach acid
Tomatoes contain malic acid and citric acid or citric acid, which cause the stomach to become overly acidic. Therefore, eating too much may cause GERD, especially for those who suffer from digestive problems or GERD symptoms.
2. An allergic reaction
Tomatoes contain histamine, which may lead to an allergic reaction or rash, and the emergence of severe symptoms such as swelling of the mouth, face, irritation of the throat, and sneezing in those people who suffer from allergies to histamine.
3. Kidney stones
Excessive consumption of tomatoes may lead to the accumulation of kidney stones in the body because they are a rich source of calcium and oxalate. Therefore, when these elements are present in excessive quantities, it is difficult for the body to get rid of them and begin to deposition, which leads to the formation of kidney stones.
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