The contents of the article
The common cold is an acute infection of the upper respiratory tract, and those who have a cold have a severe inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and pharynx, with the presence of an increasing amount of secretions, water and mucous, and in the next lines, we will explore the symptoms of colds.
The causes of colds
Colds are an infection similar to the flu which causes by viruses, however, usually catch a cold when the immune system weakens the body such as stress or exposure to cold, and the viruses causing colds include the following:
- You could end the more than 200 different types of viruses, however, some cold viruses cause infection of the influenza in more often than others.
- In about 40 percent of infected be virus the nose are the most common causes for the appearance of the symptoms of colds.
- Viruses cellular development to be behind 10 to 15 percent of the sources of colds.
- Virus corona is responsible for about 10 percent of colds.
- Often, adenoviruses, and influenza viruses involved the presence of an acute infection of the upper respiratory tract.
General symptoms for colds
In addition show the symptoms of colds and general in the beginning, which often occur with other diseases, and general symptoms of the common influenza infection also is the following:
- The occurrence of tremor.
- The increase of temperature.
- A general sense of fun.
- Pain in the body.
Especially when children cause colds and flu-like illness sometimes of the campaign, and if the inflammation has spread to the upper respiratory tract up or down, can occur symptoms of a general and more specifically with the symptoms of colds
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If the inflammation of the respiratory tract also affects the mucous membrane of the larynx, especially the mucous membrane above the vocal cords, there is inflammation in the larynx and its relations are:
- Purely when you cough.
- Sometimes also a sore throat.
- May impair sound in severe cases.
In children who suffer from the symptoms of colds appear in a certain form of inflammation of the larynx, which is known as the group of pseudo-terms is characterized by:
- Barking when I cough.
- Shortness of breath with whistling sounds when inhaled.
- Inflammation of the trachea.
If symptoms of colds such as cough with phlegm pus purulent, chest pain, may occur the due to inflammation of bronchi, acute bronchitis, if she was showing those symptoms it is clear that you have a cold physical it is important that the doctor examines her.
Symptoms of the common cold in adults
Colds cause many of the symptoms, which can vary in severity from case to case and between the symptoms of colds and Classic are:
- Congestion in the throat.
Cold starts usually slowly with the emergence of the various symptoms gradually and rotation partially.
The symptoms of the muffled
In the case of colds typical symptoms appear in the upper airways, and those who have a cold have severe inflammation in the mucous membranes of the nose and throat, and, accordingly characterized by the symptoms of colds and they are present in the nose and throat, for influenza infection, usually a sore throat be the symptoms include the following:
- Scratching and feeling around in the milk.
- Pain when swallowing.
Because of the nasal mucosa, causing infection like the flu at first tickle in the nose, sneezing, and evolve these symptoms to a runny nose inflammation of the nose acute as there is the secretion of a watery to purulent, and lead to the Zakat and thus to the emergence of symptoms of colds and the following additional:
- Shortness of breath.
- The presence of voice nasal eye-catching.
- Development of the mouth.
- Stuffy nose and therefore not being able to breathe from them.
How to diagnose colds
In the case of colds it is often the diagnosis is successful based on the described symptoms of the patient, physical examination, and during examination be inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes and pharynx is particularly noticeable, and are considered sediment white on tonsils a sign of inflammation of the tonsillitis is bacterial, which must be treated with antibiotics which occurs completely independently of colds.
Sometimes be difficult to distinguish between the symptoms of colds and flu symptoms, however, since influenza is real can be more serious and complex, it is important to determine in time whether the flu is a real infection or common colds.
In order to diagnose colds properly, it may be a blood test useful if you are in doubt and looking for signs of inflammation in the blood, and for people who suffer from the symptoms of colds enough to register complaints, physical examination, and if there is a suspicion of the occurrence of pneumonia, it is recommended to conduct further tests, for example:
- Make a picture of blood to check inflammation of the blood.
- X-ray of the lungs.
Treat colds with medicines
Sometimes married the symptoms of colds on its own without treatment, however it may be logical to take various measures to suppress the undesirable symptoms.
Medications can also be used to treat and relieve the symptoms of colds, however the those who hope to get rid of colds fast thanks to the medication, they’d be disappointed, because you can not eliminate the cause of the cold, there is no special treatment of cold works against the virus causing it, either drug therapy, it only works to relieve the symptoms.
And so you can relieve the symptoms of colds be NSAIDs against inflammation of the throat is effective to reduce the headache and pains in the body can use the drugs to deal paracetamol, ibuprofen, if your children suffer from cold do not give them medication unless under the supervision of a physician.
If you are suffering from a cold, there are some things that you can do on your own, because the general measures are often sufficient to relieve the symptoms of colds only, here’s how you can help in the process of recovery of your health for example:
- Protect yourself physically in relation to sports.
- Steam inhalation, such as chamomile.
- Drinking warm drinks with honey.
- A piece of cloth warm and wrap it around the neck.
- Keep your voice.
- To refrain from smoking.
Are home remedies useful for the treatment of colds?
There are some of the different home remedies to relieve the symptoms of colds, including ginger (ginger tea with lemon juice and honey), while others prefer inhaling the leaves of the tea tree or peppermint oil until it is relieve a runny nose.
In order to improve the symptoms of colds or fight infection, the flu, many people think about in the ways of alternative treatment, this includes, for example acupuncture, it is often doubtful whether it is possible to already relieve a cold or prevent it, you should get advice from your doctor.
How long can the common cold?
Usually if you have symptoms of colds, they are used for a period ranging from eight to ten days so the track will be limited usually.
At the end of our conversation we have, we know the symptoms of the common cold, the causes of its appearance and treat colds with medicines, and how the diagnosis, and home remedies that help relieve the symptoms of colds, if you notice any of these symptoms lasted with you for a long time, you must go to a competent doctor, and necessary tests to check on your safety.
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