Cancer of the diseases that may make you feel sad, dear reader, when is your diagnosis or the diagnosis of a loved one, and we must know that cancer several times, but we’ll talk through the decision of the fourth stage of cancer.
What is the fourth stage of cancer?
Referred to as the cancer of the fourth stage is sometimes known as metastatic cancer (metastases), because it often means that the cancer has spread and moved from its original location to distant parts in the body.
Has been diagnosed with this stage after years of initial diagnosis of cancer or after cancer treatment, the primary or remove it. When the spread of cancer to another part of the body, is still to be determined through its original location. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the brain, it is still called breast cancer, not brain cancer.
And many cancer of the fourth stage on the sub-categories, which is determined mostly by the degree of spread of the cancer throughout the body.
Cancers liquid or blood cancers, such as leukemia or lymphoma or skin cancer, is organized differently from most other cancers because they may not always form tumors solid. Cancers liquid may be categorized by a variety of factors, including:
- The proportion of healthy blood cells to cancer cells.
- The degree of hypertrophy of the lymph nodes, liver or spleen.
- If cancer has led to blood disorders like anemia.
More five types of cancer common
The fourth stage of cancer in the breast
May spread cancer of the breast in: the armpit, lymph nodes, and internal mammary, or to other parts of the body near the breast or away from him, and spread breast cancer most often in the bones, brain or lungs or liver.
Also read : symptoms of breast cancer in detail and its stages, types.
Stage IV lung cancer
Cancer may spread to lung from lung to the other, and spread of lung cancer mostly in the adrenal or bone or brain or liver.
The fourth stage of prostate cancer
Even after removing the prostate, the prostate cancer usually metastatic to the adrenal glands or the liver or bones or lungs.
The fourth stage of cancer of the colon and rectum
Spread of colorectal cancer in the liver or lungs or bones.
The fourth stage of skin cancer
The cancer cells spread beyond the skin and lymph nodes localized lymph nodes or distant organs or other skin areas, can be found on the skin cancer in the bone or the brain or the liver or the lungs.
Read Also: Everything you wanted to know about skin cancer.
The diagnosis of Stage IV of cancer
Is the use of physical examination and several tests to determine the stage of the cancer and estimate the extent of its spread, and may include blood tests and other lab tests checks, and may use X-rays or any of the following:
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): is the use of powerful magnets and radio for detailed images of the affected area.
- Examination of Computed Tomography (CT): is taking many X-rays from different angles are assembled to show more information.
- Ultrasound: uses high frequency sound waves for picture of the inside of your body.
- Biopsy (required): May a biopsy is taken, and the taking of a small piece of tissue and looking at them under a microscope.
Is cleaning most types of cancers using a form of classification is called (TNM), the doctors use also the system of TNM to assist in determining the extent of some types of cancers in each stage, the system of TNM is divided into:
- T (tumor): the size of the original tumor.
- N (node) refers to whether the cancer is present in lymph nodes (the lymph nodes)
- M (INET): indicates whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body
Now that you know, dear reader, to the fourth stage of cancer, and months types of cancers and how to diagnose it, if you want to know more information you can consult one of our doctors here.