Whether partially or completely the hearing loss affects about 65% of people in most cases do not treat older adults with hearing loss or people with hearing loss well.
The difficulty to communicate with others or hear TV or ringing a bell the whole effects of many can quickly lead to isolation of persons with hearing loss, below we highlight the causes of hearing impairment and its effects and ways of prevention.
The causes of hearing loss
Can be classified causes of hearing loss fall into two categories: causes, congenital causes and acquired.
Congenital causes that can lead to hearing loss at birth or acquired shortly after birth.
Hearing loss can be due to hereditary factors.
Hearing loss occurs because of some complications that occurred during pregnancy or during childbirth, where it can be in particular:
- Injury to the pregnant mother with rubella or syphilis or some other disease during pregnancy.
- Low weight at birth.
- Asphyxia at birth (oxygen deprivation at birth).
- Inappropriate use of drugs during pregnancy, medicines, toxic and anti-malarial drugs anddiuretics.
- Jaundice which affects the newborn, which can damage the work audio when newborn.
Can cause causes of acquired hearing loss in any age as a result of:
- Injury to the person of any infectious diseases such as meningitis , measles and mumps.
- Chronic ear infections.
- The presence of fluid in the ear (otitis media).
- The use of certain medications such as those used for the treatment of inflammation, malaria, and tuberculosis and some types of cancers.
- Trauma to the head or injury to the ear.
- Excessive noise, for example, is associated with exposure to occupational noise from machinery or bangs.
- Exposure to loud sounds such as the speaker’s personal mobile for long periods, attendance repeated for concerts, night clubs, bars and sporting events also lead to the increase in the use of MP3 players to more damage to the audio.
- Aging and especially the degeneration of sensory cells as the hearing loss is a natural result of aging in the age of forty almost start the ability of our hearing to decline and by age 80 over half of our sound extreme to some extent, however, more than half of people who suffer from hearing impairment are of working age.
- Blockage of ear by earwax or a foreign body blocking the ear canal.
- And when the children can have chronic otitis media is a common cause of hearing impairment.
There are many other factors for hearing loss:
- Impair your hearing when you are addicted to alcohol.
- Weakened fish due to smoking because it is likely that persons who smoke share in the Sky compared to non-smokers as recent studies suggest that the smoke does not harmful effects on hearing and cause hearing problems.
- Violent shock in the head.
- Increase the proportion of cholesterol.
Hearing impairment and when you need to visit a doctor?
If you happened to hearing loss suddenly or it is accompanied by pain or fever, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Even if the hearing loss have develops gradually, you should choose the fish you have because if you keep losing fish for a longer time with regard to the processing of signals on the frequencies affected.
When faced with a problem in pursuing what has been said and you are in groups discussing, you must learn that you need to consult a specialist.
The effect of hearing impairment
The effect of the function
One of the main consequences of hearing loss is the inability to communicate with others as often delayed acquisition of spoken language in children who are not recognizing the vulnerability of the fish they have.
Can be hearing loss and ear non-processor such as inflammation of the middle ear very detrimental effect on the academic performance of children so that they need to help school the largest.
Impact of social and emotional
Can be a failure to communicate by hearing a great impact on daily life and can lead to loneliness, isolation and frustration especially in the elderly with impaired hearing.
The economic impact of the
The World Health Organization estimates that hearing impairment is not supported by the state, not the cost of the global annual amount of $ 750 million and that the costs in the health sector (with the exception of the organs of hearing), educational support, and lost productivity costs borne by the community.
In developing countries rarely meets children affected with hearing loss and deafness in school, which affects their educational attainment.
Adults and the hearing impaired are often unemployed, and when employed often have less functionality compared to the rest of the workforce.
Improving access to education and vocational rehabilitation services and raising awareness especially among employers of the needs of adults with hearing loss, helps to reduce the unemployment rate to have.
Prevention of hearing impairment
The following are some simple strategies for prevention:
- Immunization of children against childhood diseases including measles, meningitis, rubella and mumps.
- Immunization of adolescent girls and women of childbearing age against rubella before pregnancy.
- Prevention of cytomegalovirus infection in pregnant women through good hygiene and screening and treatment of syphilis and other diseases that affect pregnant women.
- Improved antenatal care and perinatal including by strengthening States safe.
- Adopt good practices for the ear.
- Examination of otitis media in children and the medical or surgical treatment if necessary.
- Avoid the use of some medications that can be dangerous unless prescribed by a qualified doctor, provided that be checked in the dose carefully.
- Referral of children at high risk to service specialist (those who have cases of images family, or with low birth weight or who have suffered from asphyxia at birth, jaundice, meningitis etc.) to scan the sky and put a quick diagnosis and possibly treatment.
- Reduce exposure (occupational and recreational) noise excessive by increasing awareness of the risks through the adoption and enforcement of appropriate legislative measures, and to encourage individuals to use personal protection devices such as ear plugs, headphones or noise-cancelling headphones.
- Can people who suffer from hearing loss improve their condition through the use of devices such as tools, hearing aids, cochlear implants and tools to the sky, as they can also benefit from speech therapy or rehabilitation of fish or other services.
- Can people who suffer from hearing impairment learn to communicate by learning how to read lips and use writing to communicate with others.
- You will learn sign language useful to the injured child with hearing loss, as captions and sign language interpretation on television will have access to the information.