The causes of diabetes

أسباب الإصابة بمرض السكر

أسباب الإصابة بمرض السكر

Through the next section we’ll talk about the causes of diabetes and what is the cause of all types of diabetes and also we’ll talk about how to prevent it.

What is diabetes?

Before learning about the causes of diabetes, we will stop on definition of the disease, diabetes is a disease that occurs when the blood glucose is too high, it is considered of glucose in the blood is the main source of energy which comes from the food you eat.

The insulinis a hormone made by the pancreas, helps to access the glucose from food into your cells for use in energy, but sometimes the body does not produce enough insulin, or doesn’t use insulin well, it seems of glucose in your blood and to your cells and rise in blood sugar.

What are the symptoms of diabetes is?

Before learning about the causes of diabetes, know the symptoms of diabetes, there are several symptoms may appear all or some of them, when the incidence of diabetes, and these symptoms:

  • Increased thirst and urination.
  • Increasing hunger.
  • Feeling of being unwell.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Numbness or tingling in the feet or hands.
  • Sores that do not heal.
  • Unexplained weight loss.

It can start the symptoms of diabetes of the first type quickly, or in a matter of weeks, often develop symptoms of Type II diabetes slowly (over several years), it can be mild that you may not notice them.

Many people with diabetes of the second type do not have any symptoms, some people do not discover that they are infected even suffer from health problems related to diabetes, such as blurred vision or heart problems.

The causes of diabetes of the first type

Occurs diabetes of the first type when attacking your immune system (body’s system against infection) , beta cells producing insulin in the pancreas and destroys them. Scientists believe that of diabetes first type is caused by genes, environmental factors such as certain viruses.

The causes of diabetes of the second type

The second type of diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, it is caused by several factors, including the factors your lifestyle your genes, and these factors:

Overweight and obesity and physical inactivity:

You are more susceptible to diabetes Type II if you are not physically active or you suffer from overweight or obesity, it’s excess sometimes causes resistance to insulin, which is common in people with diabetes of the second type.

Body fat:

Arrange excess fat in the abdomen as insulin resistance, Type II diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Insulin resistance:

Starts type II diabetes is usually called insulin resistance, a condition not used in the cells of muscle, liver and fat insulin well. As a result, your body needs more insulin to help glucose entry into cells, and get energy. In the beginning, make the pancreas more insulin to cope with the additional demand that your body needs, and with the passage of time can not the pancreas produce sufficient amount of insulin, leading to high levels of sugar in the blood.

Genes and family history:

As is the case in diabetes of the first type, may make some genes more susceptible to infection of Type II diabetes, the disease passes to the injury of individuals of the same family.

It can increase the gene also reduce the risk of Type II diabetes by increasing the tendency of the person to be overweight or obese.

Read Also : analysis of gestational diabetes and the risk of the disease which you should pay attention not

What causes gestational diabetes?

Of the causes of diabetes have a woman situation is what is known as gestational diabetes which develops during pregnancy, it is caused by hormonal changes of pregnancy, along with genetic factors and lifestyle of the woman situation, which is that high levels of sugar in the blood, and up to 10% of pregnant women.

Now that you know the causes of diabetes of Type I and Type II and gestational diabetes, if you have a query you can consult one of our doctors here.

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