Symptoms of cancer of the rectum

أعراض سرطان المستقيم

أعراض سرطان المستقيم

Cancer spreads to the rectum to spread rapidly, has been happening the pain hurts in the lower abdomen, so you know with us on the symptoms of cancer of the rectum so you can discover and listen in a relationship before the development of the disease for the last stages through this article.

Cancer of the rectum

Rectal cancer is cancer that develops in the cells of the rectum resulting from the irregular growth of these cells. The rectum and colon part of the gastrointestinal tract, so it is classified cancer of the rectum and colon, as the rectum below the colon and above the anus.

And colorectal cancer worldwide second most common cancer among females, and the third most common cancer among males.

And no matter where it starts, can spread through tissue, or the lymphatic system or the bloodstream to reach other parts of the body. Terms indicate stages of the cancer to its progress, which may help in determining treatment. And stages of rectal cancer are:

Stage 0

This stage begins by the growth of abnormal cells in the deep layer of the rectal wall.

Phase 1

Spread of these cancer cells to the deep layer of the rectal wall, and the lymph nodes.

Stage 2

Spread of cancer cells within the muscle layer of the external wall of the rectum, but not to the lymph nodes.

Stage 3

The cancer cells spread through the muscle layer of the rectum and to one or more of the lymph glands, and exit this stage based on the amount of lymphoid tissue affected.

Stage 4

Spread cancer cells to other organs of the body such as; the liver or the lungs.

Causes and risk factors for cancer of the rectum

Consists of cancer cells through errors in DNA, which makes the cells go out of control during growth to accumulate and be of the tumor. And some of the genetic mutations inherited from the risk of disease, and one of these diseases is cancer of the colon and rectum genetics, and who knows with Lynch.

Read also: what is Lynch syndrome? a.

There are many other risk factors that may lead to cancer of the rectum, namely:

  • Work
  • Personal history or family of cancer of the colon and rectum
  • The seventh radiotherapy of the abdomen
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Polyps
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Obesity
  • Some of the consequences of a sinful life-style such as:
    • Wrong diet
    • Lack of exercise
    • Smoking

Related topics

Symptoms of rectal cancer

Symptoms of cancer of the rectum due to the occurrence of tumor in the cells of the rectum or for reasons other than cancer of the rectum such as:

  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Recurrent pain in the abdomen
  • The presence of gases
  • Feeling that the bowel is full is not completely dispersed
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Blood or mucus in the stool
  • Iron deficiency anemia

Treating the symptoms of cancer of the rectum

When the symptoms of rectal cancer should be medical examination to address the appropriate treatment, which depends on several factors such as:

  • The stage and size of the tumor
  • Age
  • General health of the patient

One of the most important treatments for colon cancer which depend on the stage of cancer of the rectum:

  • Stage 0

Is removal of the cancerous tissue and part of the surrounding area through a colonoscopy or surgery.

  • The rest of the stages (Stage 1, 2, and 3)

It is at this stage resection of the tumor or radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

  • Stage 4

Is surgery in the rectal area, probably in more than one area in the body in addition to radiation therapy or chemotherapy. There are also many other treatments such as:

  • Monoclonal antibodies or inhibitors of blood vessels.
  • Surgery Program, a process using a liquid cold to destroy cancerous tissue, non-natural.
  • The use of radio waves to destroy cancer cells abnormal.
  • Prop to keep the rectum open if it is try shutting it down by the tumor.

Hopefully we have provided enough information about the symptoms of cancer of the rectum, and must be a medical examination if you feel any of those symptoms, and if you have any question you can consult a doctor from here.

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