What are the symptoms of prostate cancer and how you can spot them early? Keep reading the article below to know these symptoms and risk factors that may lead to prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is a common type of cancer in males, but it is treatable in the early stages, this cancer in the prostate gland which lies between the penis and bladder.
The prostate has various functions, including:
- The production of fluid that nourishes and transports the sperm.
- The secretion of antigen-specific prostate (PSA), a protein that helps the sperm to maintain its liquid state.
- Assistance in the control of urine.
Usually a sign of prostate cancer is highly effective, especially in the early stages, where the routine examination the doctors discover many cases of prostate cancer before it spread.
Prostate cancer symptoms
Often there are no symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer, but screening can detect changes and early signs that can indicate cancer, the examination on the analysis of the PSA which is a test measures the levels of PSA in the blood (antigen prostate quality) and high levels suggest that cancer may be present.
Symptoms may include prostate cancer as follows:
- Pain or discomfort when sitting, in the case of hypertrophy of the prostate.
- Difficulty in starting and maintaining urination.
- Pain during urination.
- The frequent urge to urinate, especially at night.
- Blood in the urine or semen.
- In some cases, pain when ejaculation.
- Difficulty in getting erection or maintaining it.
Symptoms of advanced prostate cancer may include:
- Bone fractures or bone pain, especially in hips, thighs or shoulders.
- Pain in the back.
- Edema or swelling in the legs or feet.
- Feeling tired.
- Weight loss.
- Change in bowel movements the usual.
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Doctors do not know exactly why prostate cancer incidence, but the following risk factors may increase the likelihood of its occurrence:
- Family history.
- Genetic factors.
Other factors the potential for the emergence of symptoms of prostate cancer may include:
There is some evidence to suggest that other factors may play a role, but scientists need more evidence to confirm it.
- Type your diet.
- Exposure to chemicals, such as herbicides.
- Inflammation of the prostate.
- Sexually transmitted diseases.
Prostate cancer treatment
For men with prostate cancer amount or low risk, treatment may not be necessary immediately, some men may not need never to treatment instead, doctors sometimes recommend observation activity.
In active surveillance activities may be conducted blood tests, regular follow-up and examinations of the rectum and perhaps the work of a prostate biopsy to monitor the development of your cancer, if tests show that your cancer is progressing, you can choose the treatment of prostate cancer is appropriate for you, such as surgery or radiation.
May be active surveillance for prostate cancer a good choice for cancer that does not cause symptoms, which is expected to grow very slowly and is limited to a small area of the prostate.
When treatment is necessary, the goal is to cure the disease or control it so that it affects everyday life as little as possible and reduces life expectancy, and sometimes if the cancer has already metastasized, the goal is not cure, but prolong life and delay symptoms of prostate cancer as much as possible.
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And now he has to know the symptoms of prostate cancer and how you can identify them, tell us in the comments, did you know that the periodic inspection is the main factor to discover the cancer early and cure it once and for all? For further information about prostate cancer you can consult one of our doctors here.