Hemoglobin is a protein in the blood, which is very important, it’s the protein that gives blood the red color, which is responsible for transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the rest of the body, in addition, hemoglobin contains the element iron and helps in the digestion of food, of medical terms, commonly referred to as the problem of lack of hemoglobin means anemia, and can lead to lack this protein to serious medical problems too.
You think the problem of lack of hemoglobin of the serious problems that can afflict a person, and the causes of this problem sometimes to special situations such as pregnancy or aging, and can be traced back to some infection diseases.
The difference in the value of hemoglobin in the body means that cases should be dealt with, such as malnutrition or kidney failure or cancer, therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will be alone able to analyze your results and recommend additional examinations that are necessary later.
What is hemoglobin?
Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells and travels with her all over the body, in fact, hemoglobin is responsible for giving the red color to blood, which consists of four main components, the most important element of the iron, it is produced in the bone marrow, plays an important role in many vital functions in the body.
Lay the main function of the protein hemoglobin in transporting oxygen to all the cells of the body, after that up to the lungs, wearing all bold of the iron in hemoglobin with 4 molecules of oxygen, and this oxygen is linked to a molecule of iron until it reaches the cells in the organs and tissues, when you take these cells of oxygen from the hemoglobin.
After the loss of a molecule of oxygen, takes hemoglobin carbon dioxide, and when it reaches the lungs, is thrown carbon dioxide with exhaled air, and with air the inhale, take the hemoglobin molecules of oxygen a new to begin his journey in the transferred to the body cells once again.
After working in the transportation of oxygen for three or four months in the body, to become red blood cells are old and are replaced, then these cells the Old night of the spleen to be destroyed, while the sending of hemoglobin to the liver which works to convert it into a material with the color yellow, play this article Zero an important role in your body, where it helps in the function of the other very important it is to digest foods and nutrients absorbed, and then expel this water to the outside of the body with feces.
Normal values of hemoglobin and
In order to identify and measure the level of hemoglobin in your blood, you will need to perform the test, but you should know that the values and knowledge of the natural hemoglobin in the body vary depending on several factors such as age and sex, as to some external factors play a role in changing these natural values.
In general, the normal values of hemoglobin when newborns are higher than those values when the elderly, as it decreases this value when women in some periods as in menstrual periods or pregnancy.
The following hemoglobin values are normal according to each case:
- In the first month of life is about 17 to 22 grams every DL.
- From the first month to the second-life around 11 to 15 grams every DL.
- From the age of two to six months is about 9.5 to 14.0 grams per deciliter.
- From the age of six months to two years of about 11 to 13 grams per deciliter.
- From the age of two to 6 years, about 11.5 to 13.5 grams each deciliter.
- From the age of 6 years to 12 years, about 11.5 to 15.5 grams per deciliter.
- When adult men about 14 to 18 grams each deciliter.
- When adult women 12 to 16 grams each deciliter.
- In men over the age of fifty from the age of about 12.4 to 14.9 grams every DL.
- When women over the age of fifty from the age of about 11.7 to 13.8 grams every DL.
As you can see, is determined and the measurement value of hemoglobin in grams per deciliter of blood, however can penetrate these natural values by age or sex.
In addition, you can choose the value of hemoglobin depending on the lab that was used for the analysis which, therefore, should not rely on these numbers mentioned above always, forget to show your results to the doctor who will be able to evaluate these results and determines whether it is necessary to conduct more tests for you.
A shortage of hemoglobin (or anemia)
Are small differences in hemoglobin values is normal and not a serious medical condition can adjust this slight decrease in the value of the hemoglobin with some factors like age or physical activity or exposure to light.
But if you suffer from a marked reduction in hemoglobin values and is concerned about it, you have to consult your doctor quickly.
We can say that a person is suffering from a shortage of hemoglobin if the value of the hemoglobin in the blood has a lower rate of 20 percent from the normal range, this means that the value of hemoglobin at the adult men less than 12 grams in each DL, and in women aged less than 11 grams per deciliter of blood.
In some cases, can be levels of hemoglobin is low indicating the probability of a heart attack, so should not be underestimated never this problem, especially for older people.
Can divide the reasons that lead to lack of hemoglobin in the blood into two major categories:
- Lack of production of hemoglobin in the bone marrow.
- The rate increase raised the hemoglobin of the body.
Doctors believe when referring to the lack of hemoglobin on the term anemia, but in many cases, can result in a shortage of hemoglobin to the range of other health problems also like:
Anemia, which corresponds to a lack of pigmentation of red blood cells: this term refers mainly to a shortage of hemoglobin which is associated with red blood cells not colorful enough, can detect this problem and diagnose it by seeing the red blood cells under optical microscope or through the conversion using devices capable of measuring the rate of hemoglobin in the blood.
Anemia Mediterranean anemia Mediterranean Sea: in this case, the bone marrow the amount of hemoglobin is lower than normal, which is a medical condition caused by a congenital defect in the patient’s body, do not be this case connected with the lack the amount of iron in the body, but on the contrary, it is often equivalent to the person of the high proportion of iron in the body.
Hemolytic anemia: This type of anemia is a serious problem to some extent can be observed immediately because of the urine of the patient will be red due to the presence of some drops of blood, a result of the self-destruction of red blood cells due to exposure to or the presence of parasites in the body, can also occur as a result of autoimmune disease, in this case, causes the destruction of red blood cells to destroy the hemoglobin in the blood stream, therefore, flows of this protein into the urine without being processed in the liver, and accompanies this case with pain, But it can be easily observed through the color of your urine red, so should inform your doctor immediately when you note that.
Anemia caused by iron deficiency: this condition occurs in the absence of sufficient levels of iron in the body, and this lack of iron leads to lack of hemoglobin production in general causing of suffering from a deficiency in auxin tissue.
Pernicious anemia: this type of anemia is when the body enough vitamin B12 to produce red blood cells, as a result of the decrease in the number of red blood cells in the body deficiency occurs in the hemoglobin also.
In this article, we are talking mainly about the anemia that is associated with a lack of pigmentation of red blood cells because this case will be caused directly by a deficiency of hemoglobin in the blood.
The causes of low hemoglobin
Can be a lack of hemoglobin caused by several reasons, some of these reasons are physiological, for example, the deficiency occurs in the rate of hemoglobin as a person at work, and you can also note a decrease in the rate of hemoglobin in the blood when the woman who was pregnant recently or after the onset of menstruation or after that follows the persons blood, as to follow a certain diet such as diets that aim to lose weight can cause a change the results of the value of the hemoglobin in the body, in addition to that levels of severe stress play a direct role in the lack of hemoglobin, Also, people who exercise intense daily and for several hours may suffer from the same problem.
There are some reasons that you should concern, as it happens in the case of dieting to lose weight, in this case, you may suffer from a deficiency in levels of iron or some kinds of vitamins such as vitamin B12 or vitamin B9 which is known as folic acid, this point -if serious – can lead to anemia and damage to many others as a result of the low percentage of hemoglobin sharply.
Can be a lack of hemoglobin is also caused by a defect in renal function like chronic renal failure, in fact, the kidney is that stimulate the bone marrow for the production of this type of protein through a hormone is secreted, and if the kidneys are not functioning properly, this hormone will not be secreted, which leads to a lack of or a defect in the production of hemoglobin in the body.
Another problem similar occur in the case of contracting any of the diseases of the liver, if the liver is able to form the platelets that cause blood clotting as a result of exposure to the surgeon, you will be treated to the body from bleeding, and causes of bleeding even if it’s small without being stopped to the harmful results associated with the lack of red blood cells and hemoglobin that associated.
Can that person suffers from a severe shortage in the hemoglobin as a result of the occurrence of severe bleeding in his body, whether it is internal bleeding, referred to this case also if a woman suffering from severe bleeding severe during the menstrual cycle or if people suffering from inflammation of the blood vessels or any another type of inflammation or infection that can affect the value of the components of the different blood.
Can not exclusively the causes that lead to lack of hemoglobin, there are also a lot of diseases that affect the value of including hypothyroidism , which causes iron deficiency or celiac disease or ulcers which may be suffered by the person in the stomach or duodenum.
A relationship between lack of hemoglobin tumors
It can be cash in the value of the hemoglobin associated with the red blood cells signal the presence of a tumor in the body, you don’t have to worry too much, there are many reasons which can cause a deficiency of hemoglobin, so, you should immediately consult the doctor who will be able to identify options diagnosis available with a view to know the reasons behind this problem.
In the case of suffering from any type of blood cancers such as leukemia or tumors, lymphoma, or other types of cancer such as kidney cancer and colon, you may suffer from a shortage of hemoglobin, and the Association of cancer research in Italy found that 50% of leukemia patients suffer from some form of anemia, can also lead treatments, especially chemotherapy, to reduce the amount of iron and red blood cells.
Although the cancer and tumors cancer is a condition can cause a shortage of hemoglobin, but you don’t have to think about them first, there are many other factors that must be taken into account, the incidence of cancer also requires disclosure of the change in the value of the white blood cells and the presence of several other symptoms, and the only way to confirm it is a professional medical diagnosis.
Low hemoglobin during pregnancy
When a woman is pregnant, the food is broken down in the body into two parts, usually the body is trying to protect the fetus grows in the uterus, so the woman can suffer from a lack of blood cells and hemoglobin also.
You shouldn’t worry too much, the changes are normal and when all the women in the pregnancy, in order to avoid any problem you may get, you should consult your general practitioner or gynecologist to make sure there is not a problem may become more serious.
What are the symptoms that associated with lack of hemoglobin in the blood?
If you suffer from a severe shortage in the level of hemoglobin in your blood, you will suffer from feeling tired general paleness of the face, in case this problem persists and not treated, can suffer from nausea and vomiting and feeling dizzy.
In the case of continued lack of oxygen that reaches the cells and tissues in the body, responds to the heart immediately tries to send and pumping more blood, therefore, can suffer the person of an increase in pulse andtachycardia.
Have headaches, muscle pain and chills symptoms and possible anemia associated with deficiency of hemoglobin, and if the development of this deficiency has not been cured, can cure the person of symptoms of a new more serious in addition to other diseases.
How is the intervention to treat the case of low hemoglobin?
If the cause of the problem is physiological, then you don’t need any intervention of any way to cure this problem, but if the cause of the disease, the treatment and training depends on the cause that leads to reduced hemoglobin in your body.
In less severe cases, can recommend doctor to take iron supplements and vitamins, but if the situation is serious, you can resort to a bone marrow transplant can also be that the patient needs a blood transfusion to compensate for this lack, especially if this lack is caused by severe bleeding also occurs after surgery.
You should know that any change in the value of the materials and the cells that compose the blood refers to health problems the level of necessary treatment to restore functional natural numbers.
After the treatment of the problem of lack of hemoglobin, you should check the bloody League to monitor the level of red blood cells and hemoglobin in general making sure not to return this cash.
The importance of nutrition if you are suffering from a shortage of hemoglobin
If you are suffering from a shortage of hemoglobin or if the woman is suffering from bleeding during your menstrual cycle, you should know that nutrition plays an important role, in particular, should avoid any deficiency in iron or vitamin B12.
There are many foods that contain these nutrients is considered the best meat sources are recommended, but if you follow a vegetarian diet or don’t want to eat meat, there are vegetarian sources rich in these elements such as soybeans , legumes, in addition to green leafy vegetables and dried fruits, it is useful to also eat some types of Fish and seafood such as oysters if you like them, the fact of the Marine contain the amount of iron win ten times the amount of iron found in any other foods.
If you are looking for food sources to get vitamin B12, we advise you to eat foods that are derived from animal sources such as eggs, dairy products and tuna, seafood, in addition to the beef liver, which is considered the best source, but if you are a vegetarian, you shouldn’t give up eating broccoli, tomatoes, citrus fruits, kiwi, they are in addition to contain vitamin B12 contains vitamin C.
Finally, I advise you to eat grains, especially rice, wheat germ and almonds to avoid any shortage of folic acid , which is one of the most important risk factors that could cause a shortage of hemoglobin.