Have you ever heard of ” dengue fever ” or ” severe dengue ” is? What do we mean by this term? And what is the cause of not? What are the methods of treatment possible? And scientists of any vaccine for the Prevention of this infection is the bathroom?
In the Fifties of the last century, was to recognize severe dengue in the Philippines and Thailand, to be spread in most countries of Asia and Latin America, which has become one of the basic causes of morbidity in these areas, the introduction of many children and adults to the hospital, and in recent decades increased the incidence of dengue fever rose sharply distributed in different parts of the world.
Or severe dengue or dengue hemorrhagic fever, are all terms for the same time, a viral disease carried by certain types of mosquitoes, the virus to human through the bites of female mosquitoes infected, after an incubation period virus which ranges from 4-10 days, becoming infected mosquito is capable of transmitting the virus for the remainder of her life.
The human source of a source of virus for uninfected mosquitoes, the patients infected with dengue can transmit the infection (for 4 to 5 days and a maximum of 12 days) via infected mosquitoes after their first symptoms appear, which are active in early morning and before sunset.
The symptoms of dengue fever
Dengue fever is a disease of influenza-like illness that affects infants, young children, and adults, but seldom causes death. And the symptoms of this infection include the following:
- High temperature.
- Pain behind the eyes.
- Nausea, and vomiting.
- Pain in the stomach.
- Pain in the muscles and joints.
- Rash, may be accompanied by bleeding from the gums.
- Swelling in glands, especially the lymph from them.
Symptoms usually last between 2-7 days, following a incubation period of between 4 to 10 days after a sting of an infected mosquito.
The diagnosis of dengue fever
Difficult to diagnose this campaign in order to smear the symptoms of infection with influenza, as indicated above, and also with symptoms of malaria, but the doctor can diagnose the infection by:
- The presence of medical history for retirement or travel to areas where protection zones of East Asia with the signs and symptoms of infection during the clinical examination.
- Laboratory analysis: by the analysis of a blood sample, but the results may appear late, so it doesn’t count them when taking remedial action.
Treatment of dengue fever
Maintaining the amount of fluid in the patient’s body an essential factor in the welfare measures when the infection is Dengue Fever, where it not for this specific treatment, would be to address the various symptoms associated with infection with the follow the following instructions:
- Taking a lot of rest.
- Take painkillers when necessary to follow up the prescribing physician.
- Avoid exposure to mosquito bites, in order to reduce the spread of infection.
Possible complications when infected with dengue fever.
This disease several complications including:
- The leakage of plasma, or fluid accumulation in the body.
- Tight speed regulation.
- Severe bleeding.
- Failure of the member.
- Severe abdominal pain.
- Bleeding of the gums.
- GE dimpled.
- Stress in the body.
Is there a vaccine to prevent dengue fever
Record late 2015 and early 2016 the first vaccine to combat this campaign in many countries to individuals who are between the ages of 9 to 45 years and living in areas endemic to the disease.
Prevention methods possible
Can avoid the disease by following the procedures for general hygiene and some other measures such as:
- Solid waste disposal and wastewater treatment as appropriate.
- Get rid of the gathering places of mosquitoes, by covering water storage containers home, and cleaned continuously.
- Use appropriate insecticides to water storage outdoor containers.
- The use of measures of personal household protection such as SWAT windows and check that they are free of holes, wear clothes long sleeve.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019) Dengue, Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/ (Accessed: 15 Nov. 2019).
- WHO (2019) Dengue and severe dengue, Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dengue-and-severe-dengue (Accessed: 15 Nov. 2019).