Blood cancer or leukemia occurs due to a defect in the production of blood cells, usually affects the white blood cells and red is the most common cancer in children, we will in this article on causes of leukemia , its symptoms and how to cure it.
What is leukemia?
There is in the blood several types of cells including red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, refers to leukemia to cancer of the white blood cells.
Think white blood cells are the immune system they are Protect the body and attack diseases and viruses, plus they protect the body from abnormal cells, but in the case of cancer of the blood, don’t say white blood cells work natural divided rapidly increasing in number and attacking normal cells healthy in the body and destroy them.
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Causes of leukemia
Until now the causes of leukemia are not known but there are several factors that increase the risk of cancer of the blood for example:
- Family history of leukemia.
- Genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome.
- Hereditary diseases of the immune system.
- Previous treatment for cancer such as chemotherapy or radiation.
- Exposure to high levels of radiation.
- Exposure to chemicals like gasoline and pesticides heavily.
Symptoms of cancer blood
There are some symptoms that indicate the incidence of leukemia , for example:
- Excessive sweating, especially at night.
- Feeling tired and weak despite the lack of effort.
- Weight loss
- Bone pain
- Enlargement of the liver or spleen
- Red spots on the skin
- Fever or chills
- Infections and recurrent
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How to diagnose leukemia
There are also causes of leukemia there are also ways to discover the disease, might be involved in cancer blood if some of the symptoms will begin to the doctor to ask about the complete history of the patient and the family physical examination, but can not diagnose leukemia entirely by physical examination only, so doctors use blood tests and radiology to make a diagnosis.
There are a number of different tests that can be used to diagnose cancer of the blood, there is a test that determines the number of red blood cells and balls, white blood and platelets in the blood, the blood under a microscope can determine if the cells look abnormal or not.
Samples are taken also from the tissues of the bone marrow or lymph nodes to discover cancer of the blood, this can small samples identify the type of leukemia and its development within the body, can show other samples of the liver and spleen if the cancer has spread in the body.
The treatment of leukemia
After that we know the causes of leukemia we have to find ways to cure it, as it is usually the treatment of leukemia by a doctor of Hematology and Oncology, the treatment depends on the type and stage of blood cancer, and includes the treatment of leukemia usually one or more of the following treatments:
There are some drugs and medicines to the cells causing the Leukemia, depending on the type of leukemia, can take a drug one or a combination of different drugs.
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Is a high-energy rays are used to destroy the leukemia cells and inhibit their growth, can apply radiation to a specific area or over the entire body.
Stem cell therapy
He replaced the patient’s bone marrow marrow bone intact, either from the bone marrow of the patient himself is called an autologous transplant or from a donor after a Test match.
Read also: bone marrow transplants – how is it done?
Biological therapy or immune
Are the signs to help the immune system in the patient’s body to recognize cancer cells and attack and destroy them.
After that you know with us dear reader on the causes of leukemia and its symptoms and methods of treatment, good healing and wellness for each patient, and if you have any queries you can consult one of our doctors here.