The frequent urination means having the desire to urinate more than usual and can disrupt daily routines, and sleep, and it may be a sign of a medical emergency, in this case a person needs to urinate more than 7 times within 24 hours of drinking about 2 liters of fluids and urinating more than 3 liters per day.
Causes of frequent urination
There are many reasons that lead to frequent urination, such as:
1. Urinary tract infection (UTI)
Is a common cause of frequent urination, this occurs when the bacteria enter into the bladder via the urethra, it is estimated that 50_60% of women will suffer from UTI at least once in their lives, women are more at risk of UTIs than men; this is because the urethra have a shorter and bacteria have less space to infect the urinary tract and cause symptoms.
The common risk factors osteomyelitis, an infection of the urinary tract include:
- The dryness of the urethra.
- Holding urine for long periods of time or not emptying the bladder fully.
- Vaginal irritation and infections.
- Cleaning incorrect (moving from back to front) when you use the toilet, which exposes the urethra to bacterial infections.
- Changes in the structure of the urinary system, such as during pregnancy.
- Problems chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes, which affect the immune system.
2. Overactive bladder (OAB)
Is another common cause of frequent urination plan excessive activity appear on the form of a set of symptoms that can lead to frequent urination as a result of overactive muscles of the bladder.
Common symptoms include
- Sudden desire to urinate, and the need to urinate two or more times at least at night.
- Having to go eight times at least a day.
There are many causes of overactive bladder. These can include:
- Know the bladder to blow or injury.
- Diseases that affect the muscles, nerves and tissues, such as stroke or multiple sclerosis (MS).
- Lack of estrogen caused by menopause.
- Excess body weight which would put additional pressure on the bladder.
3. Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus
Of the early symptoms of diabetes of Type I and Type II frequent urination, as the body tries to get rid of glucose (blood sugar) is the user through the urine, can cause diabetes also damage nerves that control the bladder, leading to frequent urination and difficulty controlling your bladder.
4. The use of diuretics urination
Medications used to treat high blood pressure or the accumulation of fluid in the kidneys working to the flow of excess fluid from the body, causing frequent urination.
5. Prostate problems
Can prostate bloated pressure on the urethra and blocking the flow of urine, causing irritation of the bladder wall so the handles of the bladder even when it contains small amounts of urine, leading to increased urination.
Hormonal changes and the growing pressure of the uterus on the bladder cause frequent urination, even in the first weeks of pregnancy.
Injury resulting from vaginal childbirth can also cause damage in the urethra.
7. Stress incontinence
This behavior occurs mostly in women and occurs the involuntary excretion of urine during physical activity, such as running, coughing, sneezing, and even laughter, this of the symptoms of stress incontinence.
Other causes of frequent urination include anxiety, bladder stones or kidney stones, stricture of the urethra, and exposure to disease (as part of cancer treatment), infections, sexually transmitted (STIs).
emedicine health (2019) Frequent Urination, Available at: https://www.emedicinehealth.com/frequent_urination/article_em.htm#what_are_common_causes_of_frequent_urination (Accessed: 21/12/2019).
MEDICAL NEWs TODAY (2019) Why am I urinating so often?, Available at: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/70782.php (Accessed: 21/12/2019).