Cancer

الأمراض السرطانية

الأمراض السرطانية


Cancer of the most serious diseases that threaten the lives of many people, and spread awareness about equal in speed had increased rates of healing them, you know in this article on the types of Cancer Symptoms Causes of cancer.

What is cancer?

Cells in many divisions of the performance of many functions the most important being the compensation of the damaged tissue, but cancer starts when the disorder occurs cell starts to divide randomly and unnatural and that consists of the tumor, all cancer diseases cause the formation of tumors but not all tumors are cancerous.

Polyps or non-cancerous do not spread through the body do not cause the formation of new tumors, either cancerous tumors cause damage to healthy cells and absorb nutrients from them and the inability of the body to perform its functions naturally, grow and move to other places in the known migration of cancer cells through the blood vessels and cause the formation of tumors in other organs.

Types of diseases cancer

Related topics

The causes of cancerous diseases

There are many reasons to be cancer tumors, but the most important is the occurrence of a defect or disorder in the compounds of the DNA responsible for directing cell division and their functions, leads to this imbalance to split randomly the cell composition of the tumor, there are some factors that increase the likelihood to be cancerous tumors, including:

  • Smoking increases the smoking probability of oral cancer and lung cancer.
  • Obesity.
  • Not to do any physical exertion.
  • Malnutrition.
  • The presence of a history of the family with cancer.

Read also: the dangers of smoking to health

Symptoms of cancer diseases

Symptoms depend on the type of cancer and where it affects you, but there are general symptoms appear when the infection is not linked to a specific type:

  • Exhaustion and fatigue.
  • Be mass can be felt under the skin.
  • Changes in weight increase or decrease.
  • Changes in the skin, including yellowing or reddening of the skin, and ulcers and modern changes in moles already present.
  • Persistent cough and breathing problems.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Problems in digestion.
  • Ongoing pain in muscles and joints.
  • Sweating during sleep, injury and fever.
  • Continuous bleeding and bruising on the skin.

Read also: causes of sweating during sleep

Methods of treatment of cancer diseases

Radiation therapy

Includes radiotherapy directed bundle of rays with high energy to kill cancer cells, radiation therapy may be used to reduce the size of the tumor before surgery to get it out.

Chemotherapy

Aims chemotherapy to kill cancer cells and is used with drugs that target the cell growth speed, but the side effects of chemotherapy may be severe on the patient.

Also read: chemotherapy and its side effects

Hormone therapy

Uses of hormonal therapy in the treatment of tumors that feed on hormones secreted by the body such as breast cancer and prostate cancer, where hormonal therapy to block access of the hormones to the cells of the cancer.

Immunotherapy

Includes immunotherapy use of the body’s immunity to face cancer, because cancerous tumors can grow inside the body and to the immune system as a foreign object, so the immunotherapy directs the immune system to locate tumors and attack them.

Stem cell transplant

Transplantation of stem cells with an effective impact in the case of cancer of the blood, calories and cancer of the lymph nodes, the treatment includes the use of bone marrow cells from the same patient or from a donor.

Read also: what is the idea of the transfer of stem cells to treat cancer?

And now dear reader, after you know kinds of cancerous diseases and the symptoms of the cancer and its treatment methods, if you have other queries you can consult one of our doctors here

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