The journey of the element iron in the human body
The element of iron is extremely important in maintaining many body functions, including the production of hemoglobin. It is a molecule in the blood that carries the oxygen, is necessary to maintain the cells of the skin, hair and nails healthy.
Is the absorption of iron from the food you eat in the body by the cells that line the gastrointestinal tract, the body does not absorb only a small fraction of the iron you eat. Is then release iron into the bloodstream, where it binds to a protein called transferrin and iron to the liver. Then the iron is stored in the liver to form (ferritin) and use it as needed; create new red blood cells in the bone marrow.
Can also recycling of iron from these old cells by the body. When they become red blood cells not able to work (after about 120 days in circulation), they are absorbed by the spleen,
Am I vulnerable to the transport of iron?
Think iron deficiency is very common, especially among women and people who eat a diet low in iron.
The following groups of people are most at risk of anaemia caused by iron deficiency:
- Women who suffer from menstruation, especially if menstrual periods are heavy.
- Pregnant or lactating women or those who have had recently.
- People who have undergone major surgery or physical trauma; led to bleeding a large amount of blood.
- Persons who suffer from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract such as celiac disease (sprue), inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease and peptic ulcer.
- People who have undergone procedures to treat obesity, Special Operations, resection of parts of the stomach.
- Vegetarians, and other persons who do not include their meals on the iron-rich foods.
- Children who drink more than 16 to 24 ounces of cow milk a day as cow’s milk also reduces the absorption of iron and increases the intestinal lining leading to blood loss chronic.
Include other less common causes of iron deficiency:
- Blood loss from the gastrointestinal tract due to gastritis, esophagitis, ulcers in the stomach or intestines, hemorrhoids, hypertrophy of vascular tissue (blood vessels equal and similar order varicose veins in the gastrointestinal tract) as inflammation or tumors in the esophagus or stomach or small intestine or the colon.
- Blood loss from chronic nosebleeds.
- Blood loss from the kidneys or bladder.
- The transfer of blood units repeated.
- Hemolysis intravascular: the case of the red blood cells in the bloodstream, and iron, which loses in the urine. This happens sometimes in people who have been active, particularly jogging. This trauma can cause blood vessels in the feet of the so-called”gas hematuria”. Can note the dissolution of the blood within the vessels also in other situations including damaged heart valves or rare disorders such as purpura thrombocytopenia (TTP) or hemolysis intravascular endoscope (DIC).
- Include potential side effects for tablets iron abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, stool dark.
- American Society of Hematology (2019) Iron-Deficiency Anemia, Available at: https://www.hematology.org/Patients/Anemia/Iron-Deficiency.aspx (Accessed: 15 November 2019).
- James L Harper (2019) Iron-Deficiency Anemia, Available at: http://reference.medscape.com/article/202333?src=medscapeapp-android&ref=email (Accessed: 15 November 2019).