About the what causes diabetes in children symptoms of diabetes in children

Diabetes in children

Child diabetes is a hormonal disorder in which the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood is abnormally high because the body does not produce sufficient amount of insulin, or fails to properly respond to normal insulin product.

Diabetes occurs in children and adults alike as a result of a defect in the production or consumption of insulin in the body.

Types of diabetes in children

Similar types of diabetes in children with types well-known in adults, include:

  1. The amount of diabetes.
  2. Diabetes first type.
  3. Diabetes Type II.

Prediabetes

Is a condition where blood glucose levels are too high to be considered normal; but it is not high enough to diagnose diabetes. You think this situation is more common among adolescents who are obese, where they disappear with time in more than half of the adolescents; but the situation requires for the diagnosis of diabetes in women the rest of them, especially those who continue to increase the weight they have.

Diabetes Type I

The member of the pancreas at the top of the abdominal cavity next to the stomach, and is responsible for the production of the insulin produced blood sugar. Occurs in the first type of diabetes insufficient production of the hormone insulin or even the lack of production altogether, is likely to be the cause is attacking the immune system cells of the pancreas and destroy them. May be the cause of this migration are environmental factors that people were genetically vulnerable to diabetes.

Is the first type of diabetes is the most common type in children, constituting about two-thirds of the cases of diabetes, and is considered one of the most childhood diseases, common chronic. Can develop diabetes of the first type at any age during childhood, even during the period of lactation; but it usually begins between the ages of 4 years and 6 years or between the ages of 10 and 14 years.

Have children affected with Type I diabetes more vulnerable to immune disorders and other self, which attacks the immune system of the body itself, especially thyroid disease and celiac disease

Symptoms of diabetes in children of the first type

Require the symptoms of diabetes in children quickly in the first type, usually last for several days to weeks, where he leads the high blood sugar symptoms in children, such as:

  • Urinating excessively, has wet the bed or becomes unable to control urine during the day.
  • An increase in the diapers wet or heavy in infants or children are not trained on the water cycle.
  • The loss of fluid leading to the thirst.
  • About half of the children affected suffer from weight loss.
  • Dehydration leading to weakness and fatigue rapid pulse.
  • Nausea and vomiting as a result of Be chemical compounds called ketones, which are byproducts resulting from the process of breaking down fat.
  • The lack of clarity in the vision.
If you are diagnosed with diabetes of the first type as soon as you note the above signs and start the treatment, the infected children diabetic ketoacidosis.

Diabetes Type II

The reason behind the second type of diabetes to the lack of response of body cells enough insulin or resistance to insulin, unlike Type I diabetes, which be a problem in the amount of insulin secreted. Affects of Type II diabetes adolescents and adults mainly; but it has become increasingly common among children who are overweight or obese.

Requires type II diabetes usually after the age of puberty; although many children become ill with Type II diabetes between the ages of 10 and 14 years; but it is more frequent during the period of late adolescence, between 15 and 19 years, as a result of the high proportion of obesity among adolescents.

Can’t the cells of the pancreas in Type I diabetes produce the hormone insulin in sufficient quantities, in the third type, the cells of the pancreas produce insulin in sufficient quantities in the beginning, however, the cells of the body resist the insulin produced does not respond, and in both types blood sugar rises.

Children most at risk of Type II diabetes:

  1. Children who are obese.
  2. Born to mothers who contracted diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) or have a history of diabetes.
  3. A rise in blood pressure.
  4. High levels of fat in the blood.
  5. Polycystic ovaries.
  6. I told the baby’s weight at birth.

Symptoms of diabetes in children Type II

I don’t suffer many of the affected children with Type II diabetes of any symptoms, usually the doctors diagnose this type of diabetes only when conducting blood or urine tests for other reasons.

Be symptoms of diabetes in children of Type II milder symptom of a diabetes of the first type, they also take longer to develop. In the case of the appearance of symptoms of diabetes, you may notice parents increased thirst child or frequent urination, or even general symptoms only, such as such as.

Children with diabetes of the second type is less susceptible to the complications of acute diabetes came as ketoacidosis or severe dehydration compared to the source with Type I diabetes.

Sources

  • Calabria, A. (2019) Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in Children and Adolescents, Available at: https://www.msdmanuals.com/home/children-s-health-issues/hormonal-disorders-in-children/diabetes-mellitus-dm-in-children-and-adolescents#v21912480 (Accessed: 22nd January 2020).

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